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The HISTORY of the Jacquard material started in 1801 with the very first automated loom.

The real history of the jacquard loom started in 1801
Jacquard loomed fabrics allowed for the first massed produced patterned cloths.
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History of the Jacquard automated loom

In consequence of the Industrial Revolution, the late 18th century had witnessed A lithotype print of the Jacquard Looma considerable expansion in the automation of processes that had once been the preserve of small groups of highly skilled workers employed in so-called `cottage industries'. The textile industry was one sphere were industrialisation had rendered obsolete such skills. Whereas, prior to the development of mechanical looms and weaving machines, lengths of fabric had to be woven slowly by hand, the advent of powered tools for carrying out this task meant that quantities of fabric could be mass-produced at a far quicker rate than previously, thereby reducing its expense. There was one area, however, where the new machines could not compete with skilled manual workers. In the generation of cloth containing anything other than a plain (or at best extremely simple) woven pattern. The Jacquard Loom provided a solution to this problem so that, with it in use, extremely intricate patterns and pictures could be automatically woven into cloth at much the same rate as a plain length of fabric could be generated. Image a world where all clothes were made from a single cloth color?

The key idea behind Jacquard's loom was to control the action of the weaving process by interfacing the behaviour of the loom to an encoding of the pattern to be reproduced. In order to do this Jacquard arranged for the pattern to be depicted as a groups of holes `punched' into a sequence of pasteboard card. Each card contained the same number of rows and columns, the presence or absence of a hole was detected mechanically and used to determine the actions of the loom. By combining a `tape' of cards together the Jacquard loom was able to weave (and reproduce) patterns of great complexity, e.g. a surviving example is a black and white silk portrait of Jacquard woven under the control of a 10,000 card `program'.... Jacquard's invention of the punched card is now recognised as important largely because of the influence it had on other developers of computing machinery utilizing his punch card concept.

Definition-Jacquard: A decorative woven or knitted pattern manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. This attachment has a punch card like a piano, so it offers better design versatility and fabric control. The word "jacquard" comes from the French inventor, Joseph Marie Jacquard, who invented the aforementioned loom in 1801. Some types of jacquard fabrics have specific names, like damask and brocade. Used in a variety of apparel, like our Holdup Suspenders and home goods form drapes to upholstery....

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The Inventor's history - Joseph-Marie Jacquard, born in Lyons, France in 1752, was born into a family of weavers. The weaving profession was a long and tedious process, often taking long periods of time to produce the fine woven fabrics of thatJacquard weaves started with anchient tapastry fabric and now in these burgungy Holdup Suspenders era. When his parents passed away, Joseph inherited the family weaving business.

The amount of time that was put into such a profession almost eliminated the profit of the fabric, so Joseph saw it fit to invent a loom that would design such patterns automatically. Previously, in order to make the intricate patterns of the fabric, there was a need for a drawboy, the least glamorous of any position in the weaving industry. The drawboy was to sit inside the loom and lift or move a number of threads according to the directions of the master weaver. After lifting or moving the threads, the shuttle pulled a thread through, showing only where the master weaver instructed the drawboy to change the pattern.

As a result of the Industrial Revolution and the creation of automated processes, such as mechanical looms and weaving machines, plain fabrics could be mass-produced at a much greater rate and lower cost than in the past.1 Unfortunately, anything other than extremely simple patterns could still only be generated by skill workers at a great expense.

Joseph Jacquard recognized that weaving, although an intricate and delicate task, was highly repetitive task. He believed that the weaving of complex patterns could be automated just the manufacturing of simple patterns had. He conceived a system that relied on stiff, pasteboard cards with various patterns of punched holes. At each throw of the shuttle a card was placed in the path of the rods. The pattern of holes in the card determined which rods could pass through4 and thus acted as a program for the loom. This control system allowed for flexibiliy and various levels of complexity in the patterns.

Joseph Marie Jacquard while employed in a textile factory used his spare time in constructing his improved loom, of which he had conceived the idea several years previously. In 1801, he exhibited his
Deep Indigo Blue mens suspenders with button on look. invention at the industrial exhibition at Paris; and in 1803 he was summoned to Paris to work for the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers. A loom by Jacques de Vaucanson (1709-1782), deposited there, suggested various improvements in his own, which he gradually perfected to its final state. He was rewarded with a medal after He presented his invention in Paris in 1804. He did get a patent for his design, however the French government claimed the loom to then be public property, giving Jacquard a slight royalty and a small pension.

Joseph Marie Jacquard's invention was fiercely opposed by the silk-weavers, who feared that its introduction, owing to the saving of labor, would deprive them of their livelihood. In fact, the introduction of these looms caused the riots against the replacement of people by machines in the second half of the 18th century. However, its advantages secured its general adoption, and by 1812 there were 11,000 automated looms in use in France. The Jacquard loom was declared public property in 1806, and Jacquard was rewarded with a pension and a royalty on each machine.

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Jacquard History continued

Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented an automatic loom which used pattern punch cards for the control of patterns within fabrics. The punch cards allowed for complex patterns to be woven more efficiency than by humans. Jacquard’s invention helped not only the textile industry, but helped in the advance of technology. The Jacquard loom not only cut back on the amount of human labor, but also allowed for patterns to now be stored on cards and to be utilized over and over again to achieve the same uniform product.

The idea behind the Jacquard-loom was a system of punch cards and hooks. The cards were made very thick and had rectangular holes punched in them. The hooks and needles used in weaving were guided by these holes in the cardboard. When the hooks came into contact with the card they were held stationary unless it encountered one of the punched holes. Then the hook was able to pass through the hole with a needle inserting another thread, thus forming the desired pattern. Intricate patterns were achieved by having many cards arranged one after the other and/or used repeatedly.

This idea of punch cards was revolutionary because it used the idea of a machine having the ability to follow an algorithm. These punch cards were innovative because the cards had the capability to store information on them. This ability to store information was what helped spark the computer revolution. Later, however, Jacquard's invention of the punchcards , would be used to design the first calculators in technological history. His invention was pivotal not only in the industrial revolution but also the technological one.

Joseph Marie Jacquard died at Oullins (Rhóne) on the 7th of August 1834, and six years later a statue was erected to him at Lyon. Ironic isn't it that Holdup Suspenders now uses both computers and ecommerce to help sell their patented jacquard suspenders online.

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an_golddot.gif (1878 bytes)Jacquard tone-on-tone woven patterns look great with that Button-on traditional look... Click here to see all 8 Jacquard colors in dual clip model, which sell for $43.95

Double-UPs™ Jacquard Pattern Directory for complete detail pages on these jacquard suspender

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